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 Program Book

In-Country Program on

Training Needs Assessment (TNA) in TVET Systems

7-19 April 2008
Islamabad, Pakistan

Conducted by

Inter-Governmental International Organization
Colombo Plan Staff College for Technician Education
for Human Resources Development in Asia and the Pacific Region

in Collaboration with

National Institute of Science and Technical Education (NISTE)
Ministry of Education and the Government of Pakistan

1.   Rationale

TVET administrators who are involved in developing their staff’s work skills and competencies must ensure effective and efficient delivery of training systems for organizational development. Knowing what skills and knowledge are required to perform a job is essential to the development of all training programs. Without knowing what skills and knowledge are possessed by the workforce, an effective training program cannot be developed.

Training Needs Assessment (TNA) is used to gather and interpret data for identifying areas for personal and organisational performance improvement and to identify requirements for a new software or project implementation. A TNA helps to determine whether a "gap" exists between actual work (what one knows, or does) and optimal work (what one should know or do).

The more information a TNA can gather about the context, users, work and the content requirement of the training, then the better prepared one is to draw solid conclusions from the analysis of organisational requirements, existing capability, the change/learning gap and how best that gap can be closed.

With accelerating changes in technology and work systems, may things have changed radically. In order to cope with these changes, the knowledge and skills of men and women who work with TVET institutions must be upgraded in accordance with the needs for the times.

The environment in which TVET institutions operate is no longer an extension of the past because a whole new set of situations exist. Human resources in TVET systems must accept and learn to manage the changes. Change is about survival. Change is especially necessary if we wish to survive and prosper in a volatile, uncertain, complex, and ambiguous environment. Powerful forces in the environment are pressuring public and private organizations to alter permanently existing structures, policies, and practices.

In the 21st century, technological and other environmental changes are occurring faster which make the future of TVET become more unpredictable. Significant attention is being given to the problems of “digital divide” which may transcend to issues like “skills divide”.

The following are some of the key reasons why TNA is imperative for TVET institutions:

  • There are rapid changes in technology and the works people do
  • There is very little interaction if any between industry and technical education
  • Expectations of the workforce are changing
  • Pressures for improvements in the quality of products and services of technical and vocational institutions are increasing

TVET managers who are charged with the task of having their employees trained but do not know where to start, should consider performing a TNA first. In this way, they are able to optimize the benefit to their employees while saving on their organization’s bottom line.

With these changing needs, expectations, and challenges at hand which are applicable in all developing countries which desires to pursue TNA, CPSC is of the opinion that this in-country program is an approach to creating greater awareness through access to information and diagnosis of country’s needs. It is hoped that the sharing of experiences and expertise will be fruitful in providing the basic concepts, standards and mechanics in the adoption of TNA for TVET institutions that would ascertain that the right people with the right skills at the right time are there to attain products which meet the requirements of the industry as well as are comparable to international standards in this globalized era.

2.    Objectives

The in-country program provides the framework, tools, and techniques needed to undertake TNA.

At the end of the programme, the participants will be able to:

  • Explain the fundamentals of TNA in TVET;
  • Demonstrate the techniques and methodologies used in TNA;
  • Evolve an institutional training needs assessment framework;
  • Use organizational development (OD) techniques;
  • Propose a TNA project at institutional level.

3.   Participants' Profile

The participants in the in-country program will be TVET professionals, instructors, technical teachers, and staff of NISTE and TVET centers, who are involved in undertaking TNA in their respective institutions.

4.   Date and Venue

The in-country program will be held at the 07-19 April 2008 in Islamabad, Pakistan. The tentative schedule of the detailed program is included below.

5.   Main Contents

The main contents of the in-country program are as follows:

  1. Fundamentals of TNA
  2. Applications of TNA in TVET
  3. TNA in the Context of Strategic Planning and Management
  4. TNA Methods, Techniques and Tools for Developmental Change
  5. Developing Suitable Instruments for Obtaining Data and Administering TNA
  6. The TNA Approach: Evolving the TNA Framework in the Context of Organizational Needs
  7. Translating TNA Data into Training Plan Reports and Training Proposals

6.   Expected Outcome

The following major outcomes necessary and important in the planning functions of TVET institutions are expected as a result of the accomplishment of all the activities planned for the in-country program:

  • Improved understanding of the TNA as a process
  • Enhanced capacity in administering TNA
  • Ability to develop needs assessment survey
  • Capability in designing training proposals based on TNA data
  • Improved capability in making institutional proposals

7.   Course Facilities

To conduct the course smoothly, following facilities would necessarily be required:

8.   Instructional Strategies

To achieve the intended outcome, the following strategies will be adopted during the course of training program:

  • Blended learning with face to face and web- based interactive teaching learning systems
  • Experiential Learning through Workshop Tasks
  • Project/Action Planning
  • Field Visits and Study Tours
  • Symposium on the theme: "HRD Strategies for Sustainable TVET System"

9.   Input-Process-Output (IPO) Model

10.   Course Management and Supervision

Course Coordinator and Supervisor
    Dr. Shyamal Majumdar
Director General & CEO
Colombo Plan Staff College for Technician Education
DepEd Complex, Meralco Avenue,
Pasig City, Metro Manila, Philippines
Tel No. (+63-2) 633-8413
Fax No. (+63-2) 633-8425
E-mail: dr_majumdar@cpsctech.org

Chief Coordinator
    Maj. Gen. (Retd) Syed Shahid Mukhtar Shah
Director General
National Institute of Science and Technology Education
Ministry of Education, Government of Pakistan
Islamabad, Pakistan
Tel No: (+9251) 925-7227
Fax No: (+9251) 9257535

Course Coordinator and Resource Person/Speaker

Prof.  T.J. Tesoro Gayondato
Faculty Member/Specialist and Chairman Projects and Consultancy Division
Colombo Plan Staff College for Technician Education
DepEd Complex, Meralco Avenue
Pasig City Metro Manila, Philippines
Tel: (+63-2) 631-0991 to 95
Fax: (+63-2) 631-0996
E-mail: tjtesorogayondato@yahoo.com

Local Coordinator
    Engr. Asif Suhail
Director Training (Technical)
National Institute of Science and Technical Education (NISTE) (Islamabad)
Tel No: (+9251) 925-7227 (O); (+9251) 56135552
Fax No: (+9251) 9257535
Mobile No: (+9251) 3215067981
Email: asif_sohail_sahi@yahoo.com
Cyber Resource Persons
    Dr. Suresh K. Dhameja
Faculty Consultant and Chairman
Training and Development Division and
Research and Development Division
Colombo Plan Staff College for Technician Education DepEd Complex, Meralco Avenue,
Pasig City, Metro Manila, Philippines
Tel No. (+63-2) 631-0991 to 95
Fax No. (+63-2) 631-0996
e-mail: skdhameja@cpsctech.org / skdhameja@hotmail.com
    Dr. A.R. Ariyaratne
Colombo Plan Staff College for Technician Education
DepEd Complex, Meralco Avenue,
Pasig City, Metro Manila, Philippines
Tel No. (+63-2) 631-0991 to 95
Fax No. (+63-2) 631-0996
E-mail: arariya@hotmail.com
Resource Persons/Facilitators and Symposium Speakers
    Prof. Tariq Mahmood
Director, Research and Evaluation
National Institute of Science and
Technical Education
Ministry of Education
Sector H-8/1, Faiz Ahmed Faiz Road
Islamabad, Pakistan
Tel: (92-51) 925-7231
Fax: (92-51) 925-7535
E-mail: tariq_moe@hotmail.com
    Dr. Hazrat Hussain
Deputy Director (Skills Standards & Curricula)
National Vocational and Technical Education Commission
Prime Minister's Secretariat
Constitution Avenue, Islamabad, Pakistan
Tel: (92-91) 920-8195
Mobile: (92-334) 909-9748
E-mail: aneeq_97@hotmail.com
Resource Person
    Engr. Farida Javed
Polytechnic Institute for Women
Ministry of Education
Government of Pakistan
Sector H-8/1, Islamabad, Pakistan
Tel: (92-51) 925-7517; (92-51) 931-796
E-mail: fareefajaved@engineer.com

11.   Tentative Schedule


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